"Programming" and "coding" of software is a part of a larger domain called, "software development"
Essentially its aim involves the structuring of a "fool-proof" collection of commands that is both apt and capable of carrying out the execution it was created for.
Stating separately, "Programming" of software refers to organizing the structure of software and "Coding" can be thought to be related to the detailed implementation and also involves precaution to be taken in order to avoid surfacing of bugs in later stages. These sets of practices have been often structured in a language-specific manner by designers.
"Measurement of movements" constitute an important part of every software organization. Quantifying the factors that affect the "success" and "failure" of outcomes, help in taking "objective decisions". This in turn, makes sure that the assignments are done within stipulated timeframe.
When it comes to software coding, one should go with the pre-decided set of guidelines that have been put together by the experts in a language-specific manner. Obeying these practices help in avoiding later situation of confronting "undesired" guests like bugs. This is because such collection is the result of thorough and detailed studies done previously by experts, who dug the correlations borne by "bugs" to "coding practices". Consequently, moving by these ensures minimal chances of the software being "bugified" in future.
These challenges however, can be kept from rising by following the "metrics approach". One can aggregate the parameters under categories- "Coding Evaluation Perspective", "Analyzing process of software programming", "performance perspective" and "assessing the output of software programming and coding process".
The indicators for "Coding Evaluation Perspective" are- Number of Certifications held, Standards Compliance Index, Mean Time taken in de-bugging and Number of Tools used in the coding process. The process of Software Programming can be measured using KPIs "Earnings per project", "Schedule Adherence index" and "Average Data Collection Cycle duration".
Performance Perspective can be had with "Cost Budget Improvement", "Learning Curve Benefits" and "Increase in 'number of projects handled". Finally, the output of software programming and coding can be had with "Usability Index", "Reliability Ratio", "Portability Position" and "Robustness Ratio".
By constructing such a scorecard, one can transfer the responsibility for "going on the right track" to it. Such a performance measurement and management instrument helps in laying down the path for making an efficient software. All the aspects "that count" are included in this, which then can be measured against the target values. Consequently, deviations can be identified beforehand.